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L’impact de la pédagogie Montessori sur le développement cognitif, social et académique des enfants en maternelle

Abstract : The Montessori method of education was created at the beginning of the last century by Maria Montessori to help children in a disadvantaged neighborhood of Rome in Italy. Although it is nowadays most commonly found in private schools, the Montessori method has gained popularity among teachers in public preschool and kindergarten in France and around the world. This popularity may appear legitimate with regards to the principles underlying the Montessori methods, which involve autonomy, self-regulation, cooperation between children from different age groups and learning with multi-sensorial and self-correcting materials. These characteristics are broadly in line with research on learning and development in young children. However, there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of the Montessori method in the scientific literature. In this thesis, we measured the linguistic, mathematical, executive and social skills of preschoolers and kindergarteners from a public school in which children were randomly assigned to classrooms in which the Montessori method was implemented or to classrooms in which a conventional teaching was used. We followed children from the first year of preschool to kindergarten (longitudinal study) and compared the performance of children at the end of kindergarten (cross-sectional study). We also developed a scale to evaluate the quality of implementation of the Montessori method in the school, located in a disadvantaged neighborhood. Our results do not show any difference between groups in terms of mathematical, executive and social skills. However, children from Montessori classrooms had better reading performance than children from conventional classrooms at the end of kindergarten. Therefore, the Montessori method appears to be well suited for developing reading skills of young children
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Submitted on : Friday, January 24, 2020 - 3:18:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 10, 2021 - 2:08:50 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02454499, version 1

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Philippine Courtier. L’impact de la pédagogie Montessori sur le développement cognitif, social et académique des enfants en maternelle. Psychologie et comportements. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE1286⟩. ⟨tel-02454499⟩

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