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Les mammifères et les oiseaux dans l’économie des sociétés protohistoriques et historiques du golfe arabo-persique (IIIe millénaire avant J.-C. – VIIe siècle après J.-C.).

Abstract : Beyond determining, quantifying, measuring and examining marks of anthropic origin, archaeozoological analysis allows for the elaboration of models of exploitation of the animals. Such an approach was followed by us in the study of Mammals, Birds and Chelonians of three insular sites in the Persian gulf: the Hellenistic fortress of Failaka and Tell Akkaz in Kuwait bay, and the harbour city of Qal'at in the Bahrain archipelago. The above sites have revealed the specific exploitation of sheep and goat, which provide many products (milk, meat, wool, horns, etc). All their parts appear to have been carefully disarticulated and consumed, except at Failaka, where heads and metapodials do not seem to have been processed. Domesticated asses and dromedaries were used for transport of men or goods, and possibly for the their meat and milk. The oxen, detected at Failaka and especially at Qal'at, appear to have been used as a labour-force and, only secondarily, consumed. Pigs were very seldom, except at Failaka, which affirms once again its specificity. We always observed the little consumption of a species of domestic poultry. At Qal'at, dog may be considered to have been a pet. Save for fishes and shellfishes, untreated in this study, the main wild species to have been exploited were marine tortoise, dugong, gazelle and cormorant. This exploitation remains secondary and a real selection of game appearing to have been directed only towards the young marine tortoises. In case of the dugong and cormorant, the hunting practice is open to question, owing to the possible accidental capture of these taxa in fishing nets. Osseous industry is little developed and consists of some sawn metapodials, punches, handles and also in polished astragali (sometimes bituminized) whose exact use is still unknown. Our study shows the diversity of the resources exploited by these populations. The same food habits continued over approximately four millennia and, one would be tempted to describe these societies as “traditionalist”. The slight fluctuations, which are, however, detectible in the representation of the various species, indicate that these populations could also adapt to changing circumstances.
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https://theses.hal.science/tel-03104535
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Submitted on : Saturday, January 9, 2021 - 8:55:19 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 4:57:27 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, April 10, 2021 - 6:10:00 PM

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Carine Tomé. Les mammifères et les oiseaux dans l’économie des sociétés protohistoriques et historiques du golfe arabo-persique (IIIe millénaire avant J.-C. – VIIe siècle après J.-C.).. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Aix-Marseille I, 2003. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-03104535⟩

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