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Le quotidien d'une "école rouge". La politisation protéiforme du sport en République Démocratique Allemande, à l'exemple de la Deutsche Hochschule für Körperkultur de Leipzig (1969-1990)

Abstract : Sport has been one of few domains, where East Germany reached global excellency by gaining 592 Olympic medals, including 192 titles. However, according to the East German leaders “sport is not a goal by itself, but a way to reach that goal”, as Erich Honecker said in 1948. The GDR was brilliantly successful at international competitions, though its government had to permanently control sports activity through high financial and human means, systematical doping practices, high confidentiality, and a very strict ideological supervision. For the SED, spreading an image of power was the main goal assigned to sport. In this system, the German College of Physical Culture of Leipzig (Deutsche Hochschule für Körperkultur) was considered as a place of transmission between political rulers and athletes. The College has been active between 1950 and 1990 and was required to train the majority of trainers in the country. Therefore, it is a mirror of the whole East German sport system. With the methods of the Alltagsgeschichte (history of everyday life), I will deal in this dissertation with the control and politicisation mechanism, set by the SED regime in order to monitor the realisation of those goals. I will also focus on the consequences of the supremacy of ideology on the every day life and the work of all parties within the College. This work will consider the period between 1969 and 1990, i. e. between the reform of the College towards competitive sport and its dissolution by the newly recreated government of Saxony.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03506226, version 1

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Julien Beaufils. Le quotidien d'une "école rouge". La politisation protéiforme du sport en République Démocratique Allemande, à l'exemple de la Deutsche Hochschule für Körperkultur de Leipzig (1969-1990). Histoire. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA030061⟩. ⟨tel-03506226⟩

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