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Gestion d'une ressource naturelle et action collective : le cas de la forêt de Tiogo au Burkina Faso

Abstract : Burkina Faso is a Sahelian country where aridity is a constant characteristic of the natural environment. The fragile nature of ecological system means that particular care must be paid to the rational use of renewable natural resources in general and forest management in particular. The forest offers a variety goods and services. It is a source of income and food; it conditions the rainy season (a positive externality). However, the multiple and competing uses of the forest are also a source of negative externalities (bush fires, anarchical clearings, etc.) leading to deforestation. Moreover the State, owner of classified forests, is unable to manage them efficiently. The thesis analyses credible and durable solutions to the coordination problems involved In the use of the forest. Using a survey carried out in villages bordering on the Tiogo forest (February-March 2001), I highlight the failure of the State to adequately manage forest resource, the importance of free riding phenomena and the harmful consequences of agriculture and breeding. The results show that a delegating property rights to local communities is a credible alternative to Stat management. Moreover, local institutions in the bordering villages are able to reduces harmful actions by households, while minimizing the ensuing transaction costs. A contingent valuation assessment of the value of the Tiogo forest shows that it would be possible to ask rural households to take part financially in its maintenance.
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Contributor : Camille Meyer Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 18, 2012 - 11:19:15 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 20, 2021 - 10:48:06 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 19, 2012 - 2:22:54 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00660993, version 1


Martin Yelkouni. Gestion d'une ressource naturelle et action collective : le cas de la forêt de Tiogo au Burkina Faso. Economies et finances. Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I, 2004. Français. ⟨NNT : 2004CLF10267⟩. ⟨tel-00660993⟩



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