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Synthesis and characterization of hydrophobically modified derivatives of polysaccharides

Abstract : The main aim of this work was the synthesis of new amphiphilic systems from neutral polysaccharides (guar, hydroxyethyl guar) or charged polysaccharides (hyaluronic acid), based on the grafting of hydrophobic groups along the polysaccharide backbone. The synthetic strategy proposed for these derivatives relies on etherification reactions of the polysaccharides in alkaline media from commercial hydrophobic alkyl glycidyl ethers (epoxides) (glycidyl hexadecyl ether, phenyl glycidyl ether) or non commercial glycidyl ethers (Brij 56 epoxide, OP10 epoxide). Derivatives of Brij 56 have been selected due to their peculiar chemical structure consisting of an oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG) block associated to a hydrophobic alkyl chain, expected to lead to different properties in aqueous media compared to classical alkylated derivatives as a result of the hydrophilic character of the OEG block. Several grafting conditions have been tested and also applied to a commercially available cellulose derivative (hydroxyethyl cellulose) in order to compare the efficiency of reactions as a function of the nature of the polysaccharide. The analysis of the behavior in aqueous media of hydrophobically modified polysaccharides by viscosity measurements demonstrated either increases of viscosity or decreases. Deeper investigations combining dynamic light scattering and fluorescence spectroscopy showed that such viscosity decreases was related to some cases (hyaluronic acid) to the formation of nanosized particles.
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Xia Miao. Synthesis and characterization of hydrophobically modified derivatives of polysaccharides. Other [q-bio.OT]. Université de Grenoble; Sichuan University, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENV054⟩. ⟨tel-00666983⟩

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