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Partager l'espace avec une espèce protégée qui s'impose. Approches croisées des relations entre habitants et goélands (Larus michahellis) à Marseille

Abstract : Nesting gulls in urban areas is a relatively recent and potentially conflicting phenomenon. In Marseille, waste management is frequently mentioned to explain gulls' expansion, thus preventing from questioning the potentially active role of the bird. Considering that disciplinary approaches fail to grasp the complexity of human - animal relationships, we based our research on an interdisciplinary and symmetrising approach implying observations of gulls, analyses of stakeholders' discourses and practices, and a diachronic study of the relationships through archives. Our results show that gulls' urban nesting is rooted in a long process which cannot be explained only through urban refuses. Notably, the interactive properties of the yellow-legged gull are substantial. Indeed, the bird appears as an actor in the relationship, not only able to adjust his behaviours to human's behaviours but also to defend his own interests. The gull is both a wild bird interacting with people and an invasive neighbour, and his behaviours are considered by the inhabitants as surprising and interesting, but also ambiguous and uncivil. The analysis of this new form of cohabitation between humans and gulls shows the necessity to give a new analytical place to animals. It is encouraging the social, ecological and historical contextualisation in the study of human - animal relationships, in order to better understand their interactive dynamic. Finally, it suggests apprehending wildlife management not only through laws and goods, but also and above all through links.
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https://theses.hal.science/tel-00789194
Contributor : Nathalie Savalois Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, February 16, 2013 - 7:49:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 4, 2021 - 4:22:07 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 17, 2013 - 3:53:45 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00789194, version 1

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Savalois Nathalie. Partager l'espace avec une espèce protégée qui s'impose. Approches croisées des relations entre habitants et goélands (Larus michahellis) à Marseille. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00789194⟩

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