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Photodétachement d'électron de polyanions : aspects fondamentaux et applications en spéctrométrie de masse

Abstract : These thesis present a study of the optical properties and photofragmentation of gas phase protein . The experiments were performed on a mounting EET coupling optical spectroscopy ( UV / Vis LASER ) with mass spectroscopy ( linear trap LTQ ) . Photodetachment electron is used as a probe of Action for the study of optical properties of biomolecules or as radical initiator for experiments a- EPD . The efficiency of the fragmentation a-EPD has been demonstrated on small proteins and extended to synthetic polymers. A comparative study was to ESD -EPD has a better understanding of the mechanisms associated with the fragmentation of radical anions . Cestravaux thesis also focused on the contribution of action photodetachment spectroscopy on whole proteins in the visible and VUV . The visible range has been explored in our laboratory on a metalloprotein to show the importance of the protein environment on the optical properties of porphyrin group ( heme ) . Access to synchrotron radiation Soeil a management permit us to record the action spectra of whole proteins in the VUV , unexplored in the field of wave length . For premièère both an anionic protein , a direct double correlated electron detachment was observed . Finally , experiments with photoelectron spectroscopy (PES were carried out in collaboration with M. Kappes (Karlsruhe ) to record photoelectron spectra resolved conformers and thus to study the stability of highly charged anionic proteins .
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Claire Brunet. Photodétachement d'électron de polyanions : aspects fondamentaux et applications en spéctrométrie de masse. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LYO10187⟩. ⟨tel-00932413⟩

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