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Condensat de Bose-Einstein dans un piège habillé: modes collectifs d'un superfluide en dimension deux

Abstract : This thesis presents the production of a degenerate rubidium 87 gas in the quasi two-dimensional (2D) regime and the study of collective modes of this gas. We show that the gas can be prepared below the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition threshold. The superfluid nature of the gas is demonstrated through the observation of the quadrupole and scissors modes. We measure their oscillation frequencies. The bidimensional character of the gas is evidenced through the measurement of the monopole mode frequency. We show the influence of the third, hidden, dimension on this oscillation frequency. In order to produce the superfluid, a Bose-Einstein condensate is first produced in a magnetic quadrupole trap plugged by a far off-resonance laser beam, carefully optimized to overcome Majorana spin flip losses. The condensate is then transferred to the "dressed trap", i.e. the adiabatic potential seen by the radiofrequency dressed atoms. We ramp up the magnetic gradient to its maximum value in order to increase the trap anisotropy, and eventually reach the quasi-2D regime for the Bose gas. The two kinds of trap used are characterized in detail. We take advantage of the adiabatic potential smoothness in order to excite and study the collective modes.
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https://theses.hal.science/tel-00949914
Contributor : Karina Merloti Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 20, 2014 - 12:52:01 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 8:54:17 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, May 20, 2014 - 3:11:03 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00949914, version 1

Citation

Karina Merloti. Condensat de Bose-Einstein dans un piège habillé: modes collectifs d'un superfluide en dimension deux. Physique Atomique [physics.atom-ph]. Université Paris-Nord - Paris XIII, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00949914⟩

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