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Robust Nonlinear Model Predictive Control based on Constrained Saddle Point Optimization : Stability Analysis and Application to Type 1 Diabetes

Abstract : This thesis deals with the design of a robust and safe control algorithm to aim at an artificial pancreas. More precisely we will be interested in controlling the stabilizing part of a classical cure. To meet this objective, the design of a robust nonlinear model predictive controller based on the solution of a saddle point optimization problem is considered. Also, to test the controller performances in a realistic case, numerical simulations on a FDA validated testing platform are envisaged.In a first part, we present an extension of the usual nonlinear model predictive controller designed to robustly control, in a sampled-data framework, systems described by nonlinear ordinary differential equations. This controller, which computes the best control input by considering the solution of a constrained saddle point optimization problem, is called saddle point model predictive controller (SPMPC). Using this controller, it is proved that the closed-loop is Ultimately Bounded and, with some assumptions on the problem structure, Input-to State practically Stable. Then, we are interested in numerically solving the corresponding control problem. To do so, we propose an algorithm inspired from the augmented Lagrangian technique and which makes use of adjoint model.In a second part, we consider the application of this controller to the problem of artificial blood glucose control. After a modeling phase, two models are retained. A simple one will be used to design the controller and a complex one will be used to simulate realistic virtual patients. This latter is needed to validate our control approach. In order to compute a good control input, the SPMPC controller needs the full state value. However, the sensors can only provide the value of blood glucose. That is why the design of an adequate observer is envisaged. Then, numerical simulations are performed. The results show the interest of the approach. For all virtual patients, no hypoglycemia event occurs and the time spent in hyperglycemia is too short to induce damageable consequences. Finally, the interest of extending the SPMPC approach to consider the control of time delay systems in a sampled-data framework is numerically explored.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00968899, version 1

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Maxime Penet. Robust Nonlinear Model Predictive Control based on Constrained Saddle Point Optimization : Stability Analysis and Application to Type 1 Diabetes. Other. Supélec, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013SUPL0019⟩. ⟨tel-00968899⟩

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