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Méthodes et applications industrielles en optimisation multi-critère de paramètres de processus et de forme en emboutissage

Fatima Zahra Oujebbour 1 
1 OPALE - Optimization and control, numerical algorithms and integration of complex multidiscipline systems governed by PDE
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , JAD - Laboratoire Jean Alexandre Dieudonné : UMR6621
Abstract : The processing of sheet metal forming is of vital importance to a large range of industries as production of car bodies, cans, appliances, etc. It generates complex and precise parts. Although, it is an involved technology combining elastic-plastic bending and stretch deformation of the workpiece. These deformations can lead to undesirable problems in the desired shape and performance of the stamped. To perform a successful stamping process and avoid shape deviations such as springback and failure defects, process variables should be optimized.In the present work, the objective is the prediction and the prevention of, especially, springback and failure. These two phenomena are the most common problems in stamping process that present much difficulties in optimization since they are two conflicting objectives. The forming test studied in this thesis concern the stamping of an industrial workpiece stamped with a cross punch. To solve this optimization problem, the approach chosen was based on the hybridization of an heuristic and a direct descent method. This hybridization is designed to take advantage from both disciplines, stochastic and deterministic, in order to improve the robustness and the efficiency of the hybrid algorithm. For the multi-objective problem, we adopt methods based on the identification of Pareto front. To have a compromise between the convergence towards the front and the manner in which the solutions are distributed, we choose two appropriate methods. This methods have the capability to capture the Pareto front and have the advantage of generating a set of Pareto-optimal solutions uniformly spaced. The last property can be of important and practical.
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Fatima Zahra Oujebbour. Méthodes et applications industrielles en optimisation multi-critère de paramètres de processus et de forme en emboutissage. Autre. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE4008⟩. ⟨tel-00976639⟩

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