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Cooperation stereo mouvement pour la detection des objets dynamiques

Abstract : Many embedded robotic applications could benefit from an explicit detection of mobile objects. To this day, most approaches rely on classification, or on some structural scene analysis (for instance, V-Disparity). During the last few years, we've witnessed a growing interest for collaboration methods, that use actively btw structural analysis and motion analysis. These two processes are, indeed, closely related. In this context, we propose, through this study, two novel approaches that address this issue. While the first one use information from stereo and motion, the second one focuses on monocular systems, and allows us to retrieve a partial information.The first presented approach consists in a novel visual odometry system. We have shown that, even though the wide majority of authors tackle the visual odometry problem as non-linear, it can be shown to be purely linear. We have also shown that our approach achieves performances, as good as, or even better than the ones achieved by high-end IMUs. Given this visual odometry system, we then define a procedure allowing us to detect mobile objects. This procedure relies on a compensation of the ego-motion and a measure of the residual motion. We then lead a reflexion on the causes of limitation and the possible sources of improvement of this system. It appeared that the main parameters of the vision system (baseline, focal length) have a major impact on the performances of our detector. To the best of our knowledge, this impact had never been discussed, prior to our study. However, we think that our conclusion could be used as a set of recommendations, useful for every designer of intelligent vision system.the second part of this work focuses on monocular systems, and more specifically on the concept of C-Velocity. When V-Disparity defined a disparity map transform, allowing an easy detection of specific planes, C-Velocity defines a transform of the optical flow field, using the position of the FoE, allowing an easy detection of specific planes. Through this work, we present a modification of the C-Velocity concept. Instead of using a priori knowledge of the ego-motion (the position of the FoE) in order to determine the scene structure, we use a prior knowledge of the scene structure in order to localize the FoE, thus the translational ego-motion. the first results of this work are promising, and allow us to define several future works.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00673364, version 1

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Adrien Bak. Cooperation stereo mouvement pour la detection des objets dynamiques. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112208⟩. ⟨tel-00673364⟩

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