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Influence des polymères de type superplastifiants et agents entraineurs d'air sur la viscosité macroscopique des matériaux cimentaires

Abstract : The concrete industry has been undergoing significant change in recent years. Current trends in mix design of high strength and environmentally friendly concretes show that solid volume fraction is progressively increasing. This increase in solid volume fraction is however not compatible with an adequate fluidity. The aim of the work presented here is thus to bring solutions to the high viscosity of these new concretes. We try to identify potential mechanisms of action of some polymers at the origin of a decrease in the macroscopic viscosity of concentrated cement pastes. We focus here on two types of polymers: super plasticizers and air entraining agents. In a first chapter, we explain the current economic, social and industrial situation and justify the need of the research work presented here. In a second chapter, we show the importance of the experimental procedure. We suggest protocols from which the effects of tested polymers on the viscosity parameter can be distinguished from the effects on yield stress. In a third chapter, we show some potential mechanisms of action of adsorbing polymers as super plasticizers. We observe that for the same effect on yield stress, viscous dissipation of cement pastes can be different for the two tested polymers. We suggest that adsorbed polymer molecules modify the flocculation state of the system and thus the way shear concentrates between cement grains. In the same time, non adsorbed polymer molecules modify the viscosity of the interstitial fluid. Therefore, the macroscopic viscosity results from the competition of the two above phenomena. In the fourth chapter, we are interested in the effects of air entraining agents. Thanks to experimental measurements on cement pastes and mortars, we show that according to the system consistency, air entrainment can increase or decrease viscosity. We suggest that such a behaviour finds its origin in the competition between surface tension, which tends to prevent air bubble deformation and the system consistency, which tends to deform the same air bubbles
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Julie Hot. Influence des polymères de type superplastifiants et agents entraineurs d'air sur la viscosité macroscopique des matériaux cimentaires. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST1114⟩. ⟨tel-00962408⟩

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